Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its population is almost 5 million.
The recorded history of Georgia dates back more than 4,000 years. Georgia is also one of the first world countries that adopted Christianity as the state religion in the first half of the 4th century. Its culture is unusually rich for its size, with the Georgian language possessing not only its own script introduced in 5th century BC but also language group.
There are hundreds of natural specimens which make momentous impression on visitors. Among them are dinosaur tracks, enormous and very deep caves, deep and endemic types of canyons, full-flowing rivers having buoyant energy force, lakes and glaciers of different origin, virgin and light forests, semi-deserts and marshes, soils and endemic plants, etc. It is also important that various specimens of nature are concentrated on small spaces that increases their recreational purpose. The bulk of them are located in the protected territories of Georgia.
Country name:Georgia / Sakartvelo
Area:69 700 sq.km
Political structure:Democratic republic
Currency:1 lari (GEL) = 100 tetri
The Georgian National Flag
The Georgian National Flag (14 January, 2004) is a white rectangle, with in its central portion a large red cross touching all four sides of the flag. In the four corners there are four bolnur-katskhuri crosses of the same color (as the large cross).
Coat of arms of Georgia
Coat of arms of Georgia (1 October, 2004) — gules, with an image of Saint George, riding a horse trampling upon a crawling dragon, whose head is pierced by the saint's spear, all of them Argent. It has two lions rampant as supporters of the shield, which is surmounted with the royal crown of Georgia, all of them Or. The motto below the shield reads as: "Strength is in Unity" (Dzala Ertobashia, written in the Mkhedruli script of the Georgian alphabet, ძალა ერთობაშია).
The National Anthem of Georgia
The National Anthem of Georgia, whose title means "Freedom", was adopted in 2004. The music, taken from the Georgian operas Abesalom da Eteri ("Abesalom and Eteri") and Daisi ("The Nightfall"), by the Georgian composer Zakaria Paliashvili, was adapted to form the anthem by Ioseb Kechakmadze. The lyrics were composed by David Magradze.
ჩემი ხატია სამშობლო,
სახატე მთელი ქვეყანა,
თავისუფლება დღეს ჩვენი
მომავალს უმღერს დიდებას,
ცისკრის ვარსკვლავი ამოდის
და ორ ზღვას შუა ბრწყინდება,
chemi khat’ia samshoblo,
sakhat’e mteli kveq’ana,
tavisupleba dghes chveni
momavals umghers didebas,
tsisk’ris varsk’vlavi amodis
da or zghvas shoris brts’q’indeba,
My icon is my motherland,
And the whole world is its icon-stand,
Bright mounts and valleys,
Are shared with God.
Today our freedom
Sings to the glory of the future,
The dawn star rises up
And shines out between the two seas,
So praise be to freedom,
To freedom be praise!